The purpose of the Valiant Evo US Clinical Trial is to demonstrate the safety and effectiveness of the Valiant Evo Thoracic Stent Graft System in subjects with a descending thoracic aortic aneurysm (DTAA) who are candidates for endovascular repair. The clinical evidence collected as part of this trial will be used in conjunction with data collected during the concurrently enrolling Valiant Evo International Clinical Trial to support PMA-S Approval of the Valiant Evo Thoracic Stent Graft System. The clinical evidence collected as part of this clinical trial may also be used to support obtaining commercial approval in other international geographies. The primary objective is to demonstrate the safety and effectiveness of the Valiant Evo Thoracic Stent Graft System in subjects with a DTAA who are candidates for endovascular repair.
Inova Fairfax Hospital
3300 Gallows Road
Falls Church, VA 22042
Liam Ryan, MD
Candidates for the Valiant Evo US Clinical trial must be appropriate subjects for endovascular repair of aneurysms of the descending thoracic aorta (evidenced by screening contrast-enhanced CT or MRA) and have to fulfill all of the following inclusion criteria to be eligible for recruitment in the study:
- Subject is ≥18 years old.
- Subject understands and voluntarily has signed and dated the Informed Consent Form approved by the Sponsor and by the Ethics Committee for this study.
- Subject presents a DTAA which is localized below the ostium of left subclavian artery (LSA) and above the ostium of celiac trunk
- Subject has a DTAA that is one of the following:
- A fusiform aneurysm with a maximum diameter that:
- is ≥ 50 mm and/or:
- is ≥2 times the diameter of the non-aneurysmal thoracic aorta and/or:
- is < 50 mm and has grown ≥ 5 mm within previous 12 months
- A fusiform aneurysm with a maximum diameter that:
- A saccular aneurysm or a penetrating atherosclerotic ulcer
- Subject’s anatomy must meet all of the following anatomical criteria as demonstrated on contrast-enhanced computerized tomography (CT) and/or on contrast-enhanced Magnetic Resonance Angiogram (MRA) obtained within four (4) months prior to implant procedure:
- Proximal and distal non-aneurysmal aortic neck diameter measurements must be ≥ 16 mm and ≤ 42 mm;
- Proximal non-aneurysmal aortic neck length must be ≥ 20 mm (for FreeFlo configuration) and ≥ 25 mm (for Closed Web configuration) distal to the left common carotid artery (LCCA). Note: Proximal aortic neck length may include covering the LSA (with or without discretionary revascularization) when necessary to optimize device fixation and maximize aortic neck length. If occlusion of the LSA ostium is required to obtain adequate neck length for fixation and sealing, transposition or bypass to the LSA may be warranted.
- Distal non-aneurysmal aortic neck length must be ≥ 20 mm
Subject has adequate arterial access site or can tolerate a conduit that allows endovascular access to the aneurysmal site with the delivery system of the appropriate sized device chosen for the treatment.
Candidates who meet any of the following exclusion criteria will not be eligible for recruitment in the study:
- Subject has a life expectancy of less than 1 year.
- Subject is participating in another investigational drug or device study which would interfere with the endpoints and follow-ups of this study.
- Subject is pregnant.
- Subject requires planned placement of the covered proximal end of the stent graft to occur in zones 0 or 1.
- Subject has a thoracic aneurysm with a contained rupture or localized at the anastomosis of a previous graft (pseudo-/false aneurysm).
- Subject has a mycotic aneurysm.
- Subject has a dissection (type A or B) or an intramural hematoma or an aortic rupture in addition to the thoracic aneurysm.
- Subject requires emergent aneurysm treatment, e.g., trauma or rupture.
- Subject has received a previous stent or stent graft or previous surgical repair in the ascending and/or descending thoracic aorta, and/or in the aortic arch.
- Subject requires surgical or endovascular treatment of an infra-renal aneurysm at the time of implant.
- Subject has had previous surgical or endovascular treatment of an infra-renal aortic aneurysm.
- Treatment with the Valiant Evo Thoracic Stent Graft would require intentional revascularization of the brachio-cephalic artery, the left common carotid artery or the celiac trunk.
- Subject has had or plans to have a major surgical or interventional procedure within 30 days before or 30 days after the planned implantation of the Valiant Evo Thoracic Stent Graft. This does not include planned procedures that are needed for the safe and effective placement of the stent graft (i.e., carotid/subclavian transposition, carotid/subclavian bypass procedure).
- Subject has a significant and/or circumferential aortic mural thrombus at either the proximal or distal attachment sites that could compromise fixation and seal of the implanted stent graft.
- Subject has a connective tissue disease (e.g., Marfan’s syndrome, aortic medial degeneration).
- Subject has a bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy, or refuses blood transfusion.
- Subject has had a MI within 3 months of the procedure.
- Subject has had a CVA within 3 months of the procedure.
- Subject has a known allergy or intolerance to the device materials
- Subject has a known allergy to anesthetic drugs
- Subject has a known hypersensitivity or contraindication to anticoagulants, or contrast media, which is not amenable to pretreatment.
- Subject has active or systemic infection at the time of the index procedure.