Inova Children's Sleep Center is the only American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) accredited sleep center in Northern Virginia that is dedicated exclusively to working with patients ages 20 and younger.
All our sleep medicine specialists are pediatric pulmonologists who are board certified in pediatric sleep medicine and are exceptionally qualified to care for children and adolescents with sleep disorders.
We are dedicated to maximizing the health and development of children by preventing and treating pediatric sleep disorders, since sleep problems can adversely affect many aspects of children’s lives.
Planning Your Visit
At Inova Children's Sleep Center, new patients are seen by our physician sleep specialists on an appointment basis. Please call us at 703-226-2290 to make an appointment, and we will work with your child’s primary care provider's office to obtain referral information.
We strive to make the registration process as straightforward as possible for new and returning patients. Instructions about completing the registration process, including online registration, will be provided to you when you schedule the first appointment.
A parent or guardian must be present with the patient during all visits to Inova Children’s Sleep Center for patients under 18 years old.
Preparing for Your Child's Appointment
Please bring to your appointment:
- Registration materials as directed
- Current health information card(s) for the patient
- Proof of identification
- Copay, if applicable
Pediatric Sleep Services
We offer thorough evaluations and treatment of sleep-related problems that are unique to pediatrics. Our sleep laboratory is staffed by licensed and registered technologists experienced in conducting sleep studies for children and adolescents, and all our sleep studies (also called polysomnograms) are interpreted by pediatric sleep specialists. At Inova Children's Sleep Center, sleep studies are 30 – 40% longer than most adult studies, which makes them more comprehensive. Our state-of-the-art equipment enables us to measure more features of sleep with increased accuracy.
Inova Children's Sleep Center provides consultation and follow-up care on the full range of pediatric sleep disorders including:
- Sleep-disordered breathing (snoring, obstructive sleep apnea)
- Restless legs syndrome (Willis-Ekbom)
- Periodic limb movement disorder
- Circadian rhythm disorders including delayed sleep phase syndrome
- Parasomnias including sleepwalking and night terrors
- Insomnia, including behavioral sleep problems with difficulty falling asleep and frequent night waking
- Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
In addition to diagnostic polysomnograms and multiple sleep latency tests, we offer polysomnography with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), bilevel positive airway pressure (BiPAP) and oxygen titrations; measurement of end tidal carbon dioxide levels; transcutaneous carbon dioxide monitoring; and actigraphy. We also offer PAP desensitization, management and compliance programs.
Sleep Apnea in Children
Sleep apnea is a disorder in which a person's breathing stops and starts. It is potentially serious because not only can sudden drops in your blood’s oxygen levels increase blood pressure and strain your cardiovascular system, but it can also disrupt your ability to get proper sleep.
Sleep apnea affects people of all ages, but 2 – 10% of children suffer from obstructive sleep apnea with varying symptoms and severity.
How do I know if my child has sleep apnea?
Usually the first sign of sleep apnea is loud snoring. However, many children (10 – 20%) experience snoring, and many don’t have obstructive sleep apnea. What you need to look out for is gasping for air between the snoring. You may hear a snore, a long pause, then a louder snore or huge inhale that will sound like a snort. Between snoring, your child may also breathe heavily. It is recommended you check on your child at night. If you suspect they have sleep apnea, you should listen for their breathing patterns and monitor their sleeping position.
Children can show signs of sleep apnea during the day as well. If they have a hard time waking up, are tired during the day and daydream, or have headaches in the morning, it may be a sign of sleep apnea.
Causes of Sleep Apnea
Some causes of sleep apnea in children include:
- Excess body weight
- Family history of obstructive sleep apnea
- Deformities of the airways (throat, mouth or sinus)
- Tendency to sleep in odd positions or with an open mouth
- Certain medical conditions, such as Down syndrome or cerebral palsy
Diagnosing Sleep Apnea
The only way to properly diagnose sleep apnea is through a sleep study. If your child experiences the symptoms above, you may want to schedule a sleep study. The study monitors brain and body functions during sleep that can indicate whether your child has sleep apnea.
Sensors will be placed on certain parts of the child, and the child sleeps in the sleep center overnight. We try to make the child as comfortable as possible and aim to make the sleep study a stress-free experience for both child and parent. The sleep study monitors eye movements, noise, breathing pattern, blood oxygen levels and heart rate.
Treating Sleep Apnea
In many mild cases, lifestyle changes and some medication can help eliminate sleep apnea. The doctor may recommend your child lose weight and make changes to diet, daily activity and sleep routine.
In more severe cases, sometimes removing tonsils and adenoids can help open up the airways and stop sleep apnea. However, if this is not the cause, CPAP therapy may be recommended. With a CPAP, your child wears a mask that covers the nose and mouth. The mask is connected to a machine that continuously pumps air into the child’s air passages during sleep.
If you have questions about sleep apnea, please call Inova Children's Sleep Center at 703-226-2290 or make an appointment with one of our pediatric sleep specialists.
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) is an unexplained death, typically during sleep, of a child under one year of age.
Causes of SIDS
The exact cause is unknown, though research suggests that SIDS may be due in part to defects in the area of an infant’s brain that controls breathing and arousal from sleep. Ultimately, there are a combination of physical and environmental factors that influence SIDS.
Physical Factors Include:
- Brain defects
- Low birth weight
- Respiratory infection
Environmental Factors Include:
- Sleeping on the stomach or side rather than on the back
- Sleeping on a soft surface
- Sharing a bed
Other Risk Factors
In addition to the aforementioned factors that impact a child's likelihood of dying from SIDS, there are several other aspects of an infant that make them statistically more vulnerable. They include:
- Age – children are particularly susceptible between the second and fourth months of life
- Sex – males are more likely to die of SIDS
- Race – nonwhite infants tend to develop SIDS more often than white infants
- Family history – those with family members who have died from SIDS are more likely to die from SIDS themselves
- Secondhand smoke
The mother can also have a significant impact on her baby's vulnerability to SIDS during pregnancy. SIDS is especially dangerous when a mother is under 20 years of age, smokes, uses drugs or alcohol, or has had inadequate prenatal care.
SIDS is impossible to prevent, but there are a few steps that you as a parent can take to lower your infant's risk. We suggest following these safety tips:
- Place your baby on the back to sleep
- Use a firm mattress in your infant's crib
- Reduce the number of items in the crib
- Avoid overheating
- Place the child's crib in your room for six months to a year
- Offer your infant a pacifier without a strap
- Breastfeed for six months or more