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Balloon Valvuloplasty

Balloon valvuloplasty (also known as percutaneous balloon valvuloplasty) is a treatment that widens a stiff or narrowed heart valve.

The surgeon guides a catheter through the heart and positions it through the diseased heart valve. Balloons on the catheter inflate, enlarging the opening through the valve and improving blood flow through the heart and to the rest of the body. This allows the heart to pump more effectively and reduces painful pressure in the heart and lungs.

Conditions Treated by Balloon Valvuloplasty

Balloon valvuloplasty is a recommended treatment choice for children and adolescents with congenital stenotic valves. In adults, it is the procedure of choice for mitral valve stenosis with minimal calcium deposits.

Inova cardiac surgeons also perform this as an alternative to surgical replacement in patients with severe aortic stenosis who because of age or disability, are not good surgical candidates.

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Interventional cardiologists perform the balloon valvuloplasty procedure and other minimally invasive procedures that rely on catheters and small incisions instead of traditional surgery.

Cardiac surgeons also perform the balloon valvulplasty procedure in some cases of stenosis as an alternative to surgery for patients who, because of age or disability, are not good surgical candidates.

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