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Colorectal Cancer Conditions and Treatments

Colorectal cancer is malignant cells found in the colon or rectum. The colon and the rectum are part of the large intestine in the digestive system. Colon and rectal cancers share common features and are often called colorectal cancer. Cancerous tumors found in the colon or rectum may also spread to other parts of the body.

People who have any of the following symptoms should check with their doctors, especially if they are over 50 years old or have a personal or family history of colorectal cancer:

Symptoms:

  • A change in bowel habits such as diarrhea, constipation or narrowing of the stool that lasts for more than a few days
  • Rectal bleeding, dark stools or blood in the stool
  • Cramping or gnawing stomach pain
  • Decreased appetite
  • Vomiting
  • Weight loss
  • Weakness and fatigue

Conditions:

Colon Cancer forms inside the large intestine which consists of the colon and rectum. Cancers found in the two organs are often grouped together as colorectal cancer. Colorectal cancer often develops slowly over several years and begins as a small abnormal growth - or polyp - on the inner lining of the colon. Some polyps can eventually grow into cancer.

Rectal Cancer forms inside a portion of the large intestine, called the rectum.The rectum is where the body stores stool until you have a bowel movement. Cancers found in the rectum can also be known as colorectal cancer. Rectal cancer often develops slowly over several years and begins as a small abnormal growth - or polyp - on the inner lining of the rectum. Some polyps can eventually grow into cancer. Rectal cancer is often contained within the rectum.

Anal Cancer forms inside the anus which is located at the end of the rectum. The anus helps solid waste pass from the body. Cancer of the anus can also be associated with colorectal cancer.


Treatments: