Vertebroplasty is a minimally invasive procedure used to treat painful vertebral compression fractures.
The interventionist inserts a tiny needle into the patient's back, and it is positioned at the collapsed vertebral body using rapid imaging for guidance. Next, a special type of liquid bone cement is injected to fill up the vertebra. The cement hardens within minutes, treating the fracture and strengthening the entire spinal column. Patients usually go home the same day.
Kyphoplasty is a similar minimally invasive procedure also used to treat vertebral compression fractures. A balloon catheter is guided into the vertebra and inflated with a liquid under pressure. As the balloon inflates, it re-establishes the space between the two compressed vertebrae. The balloon is deflated, removed, and the resulting cavity is filled with bone cement.